KariA‡i mosque into the central Bosnian highlands, where in fact the annual three-day pilgrimage commemorating Hajdar-dedo KariA‡a€”an early on messenger of Islam in Bosnia, a dervish sheikh, and partner of goodness (evlija)a€”takes room. Shot by David Henig, 2009.
While the Yugoslav communist plan oppressed and used extensive power over a variety of religious symptoms and gatherings, it decided not to ban the KariA‡i pilgrimage, and is possibly impressive because pilgrimage offers usually become well-attended ( MulahaliloviA‡ 1989 :192a€“196). In 1993, while in the Bosnian war (1992a€“95) a Yugoslav state military aquarium went through the historical hardwood mosque. The ground was at the effort hardly obtainable, because there were numerous landmines spread out in the earth throughout the pilgrimage site, hence local Muslims momentarily presented the yearly collecting in a close-by provincial community mosque. As soon as the war, the outdoor am little by little de-mined. The wood mosque is rebuilt in 2002 and also the pilgrimage totally reconditioned.
Although the recovery had been begun by a small group of local operating Muslims, the mosque as well land it sits in tend to be officially purchased and entry to these people happens to be owned by the state-approved Islamic neighborhood (Islamska Zajednica). The Islamic Community can be the cause of planning the yearly KariA‡i pilgrimage. The pilgrimage occurs at the conclusion of July. The time is definitely relied according to research by the aged Julian calendar since the 11th Tuesday after Jurjevdan (that is,., St. George’s Day, May 6). The pilgrimage starts by Friday’s noon prayer and persists until the Sunday midday prayer. Just male Muslims can attend at KariA‡i.
The pilgrimage get together often includes reciting belonging to the entire Qua€™ran (hatma pigeon), vocal tunes revering Allah (ilahija), as well as other execution like the recital of mevlud verses both in Turkish and Bosnian, tevhid for footstool and even Bosnian martyrs (A?ehide), and combined devotional and ecstatic prayer, kijam zikr (Arabic, qiyam dhikr). 2 The kijam zikr is completed by dervishes and brought by a dervish sheikh. Additional pilgrims frequently detect not indulge in this kind of prayer, as dervishes have got historically really been conceptualized of ambiguously and are deemed as the Islamic a€?other withina€? inside the past Yugoslavia ( Bringa 1995 :221; Duijzings 2000 :107). But the devotional prayer inside pilgrimage has also been played during socialist circumstances. It is possibly immense, just as, from inside the 1950s, the Islamic Community, employing the Yugoslav state’s suggestions, blocked all dervish instructions in Bosnia-Herzegovina to become a€?devoid of cultural valuea€? ( Algar 1971 :196). 3
Unlike happening of the old-fashioned cradles of Bosnian Sufism with the older dervish lodges when you look at the american areas of key Bosnia (cf. Algar 1971 ; A?ehajiA‡ 1986 ; MiA?ijeviA‡ 1997 ), the continuity of dervish instructions had been severed into the north pieces. Therefore, KariA‡i happens to be publicly delivered and perceived for some time exclusively as a spot of Muslim yearly pilgrimage. However, inside later part of the 1980s, a dervish gang of the Rifaa€™i arrange, which I in addition have studied, was actually developed in your community. 4 within the research genuineness and also the renovation of Sufi training (tesavuf) in the region, the group entwined its identity utilizing the historical shape of Hajdar-dedo KariA‡. While the dervish collection right now tracks the personality through the sheikh’s a€?spiritual lineagea€?(silsila) to Kosovo, the dervishes consider KariA‡i her spiritual cradle, and additionally they conceive of Hajdar-dedo KariA‡ because the messenger of Sufism in your community as well as their spiritual forefather.
The Ajvatovica pilgrimage performs a substantial character inside tactics town Muslims from your main Bosnian highlands think on the transformation of worthy landscapes a€?after socialism.a€? As part of the narratives and casual talks, the village pals typically juxtaposed KariA‡i along with Ajvatovica pilgrimages. But the great majority of them never pilgrimed to Ajvatovica.
The Ajvatovica pilgrimage, outside the community of Prusac, claims tales alike that from the KariA‡i website, dating back the 17th millennium and including another celebrated messenger of Islam, effendi (as well as dervish sheikh) Ajvaz-dedo. The tales point out that Ajvaz-dedo ended up being a pal of God (evlija). As he involved Prusac, there was clearly no appropriate water supply for the town. There was best a spring close village, however it got blocked by a rock. Ajvaz-dedo invested 40 instances hoping to Allah, as well as on the 40th day the guy wished for two white rams colliding. As chemistry dating apps he woke all the way up, the stone experienced cut in half. Regional villagers noticed this as magic (keramet) and boon (bereket), and, since that time, have actually pilgrimed towards location where rock divide.
Unlike the KariA‡i pilgrimage, the Ajvatovica am officially banished during socialist cycle, in 1947 (cf. MulahaliloviA‡ 1989 :192a€“196), and was renewed only in 1990, commonly through the engagement with the Islamic Community; various media, such as the Islamic weekly publication Preporod; plus the Stranka Demokratske Akcije (SDA; Party of Democratic Action), led at that time by Alija IzetbegoviA‡. The spot the spot where the Ajvatovica pilgrimage webpages is located was regulated and defended during the combat by the Bosnian military, and, therefore, through open public rhetoric, garnered the type of a holy secure, showing the continuity of a threatened Muslim neighborhood and its social culture (cf. Rujanac in click ).
It fast turned into clear for me about the method the Ajvatovica pilgrimage was orchestrated currently runs a tremendous function in Bosnian Muslim nationwide public national politics, as dominated by way of the Islamic people, and in addition figuring plainly in hometown discussions. Ajvatovica try offered because Islamic Community because most significant annual Muslim gathering in European countries, one with extended continuity, in spite of the official bar implemented in 1947. As well as orchestrated and choreographed, a€?The Days of Ajvatovicaa€? (Dani Ajvatovice) uncover as an assemblage of spiritual pilgrimage, constitutional collecting, and friendly march comprised of numerous competition, concerts, and speeches that are generally marketed and marketed through Islamic people through several billboards. The Ajvatovica pilgrimage is definitely given, to paraphrase various regional sources, as a a€?manifestation of traditions and enduring continuity of Bosniak [Muslim] character and culturea€? and as the a€?largest Muslim party in Europea€? (for example, see Ajvatovica.org.ba 2010 ). Likewise, during my fieldwork, i used to be over repeatedly advised that Ajvatovica was previously an all-male party, although after 1990 it has been widely presented in nationalized rhetoric as a gathering for a lot of Muslims. Put simply, the Ajvatovica pilgrimage ended up being reorchestrated and instrumentalized in Bosniak political discourse as a fertile signal in post-Yugoslav open public arguments on cumulative Bosnian Muslim personality as well as Bosniaksa€™ find genuineness as an independent post-Yugoslav us (nacija).